Surgical Sutures Surgical sutures are commonly used for wound closure - cutaneous and subcutaneous. According to the USP regulation, both the thread and the needle have particular measures that must be consistent with the standard of the pharmacopea. There are different types of surgical sutures that can be used in different surgical planes and their similar on... Surgical sutures are commonly used for wound closure - cutaneous and subcutaneous. According to the USP regulation, both the thread and the needle have particular measures that must be consistent with the standard of the pharmacopea. There are different types of surgical sutures that can be used in different surgical planes and their similar ones can also be differentiated by the type of procedure. Surgical Sutures manufacturer | Sutumed More Surgical Sutures Natural absorbable sutures are digested by enzymes in the body that attack and degrade the suture thread. The absorbable synthetic sutures are hydrolyzed process by which water gradually penetrates the suture filaments, causing degradation of the polymer chain. Compared to the enzymatic action of natural absorbable sutures, hydrolysis results in a lower degree of tissue reaction after being placed in the tissue. A suture can lose tension force quickly and yet, be absorbed slowly or can maintain adequate tension force during wound healing, followed by rapid absorption. In any case, the thread dissolves completely eventually, leaving undetectable traces in the tissue. Although they offer many advantages, absorbable sutures also have certain inherent limitations. If a patient has a fever, infection, or protein deficiency, the absorption process can accelerate and cause the tension force to decline too rapidly. Absorption can also be accelerated if the sutures are placed in an area of the body's cavity that is moist or filled with fluid. In addition, if the sutures get wet or wet during handling before implanting into the tissue, the absorption process can begin prematurely. All these situations predispose to postoperative complications, since the suture will not maintain adequate strength to withstand tension until the tissues have healed sufficiently. Non-absorbable surgical sutures are those that are not digested by enzymes in the body or hydrolyzed in the tissue. They can be used in a variety of applications: • External closure of the skin, to be removed after sufficient scarring has occurred. • Inside the body, where they are permanently encapsulated in the tissue. Non-absorbable surgical sutures are composed of single or multiple filaments. Those are synthetics or organic fibers that are reduced to a twisted, or braided thread. Each thread is uniform in its diameter and length, under the requirements of the United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P.) for each caliber. Non-absorbable surgical sutures have been classified by the U.S.P. according to its composition. Also, these sutures can be coated or not, colorless or dyed naturally, or with FDA approved dyes to increase its visibility.